11 Jul, 2015

EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT PERIODS OF GASTRIC ISCHAEMIA IN THE VIABILITY OF THE TISSUE OF BODY, FUNDUS AND ANTRUM REGION OF RABBIT STOMACH

Maria Angélica B. MAGALHÃES
Alfredo J. A. BARBOSA
Juliano A. FIGUEIREDO
Luiz R. ALBERTI
Andy PETROIANU
DOI: 10.1590/S0102-67202015nahead00001
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BACKGROUND:

Despite the rich vascular arcade of the stomach, gastric ischemia represents an important medical challenge and can be the consequence of obstructive or non-obstructive vascular processes of pathological or iatrogenic origin.

AIM:

To assess the effects of acute gastric ischaemia on the different regions of the stomach.

METHOD:

Fifteen New Zeland rabbits were divided into three groups: group 1, animals were observed during 3 h; group 2, during 6 h; group 3, during 12 h. Rabbit stomachs were subjected to devascularization of the greater and lesser curvatures. After predetermined time, the stomachs were removed for macro and microscopic studies.

RESULTS:

Haemorrhagic necrosis was more marked in the gastric fundus and body. In contrast, the antropylorus remained preserved in 80% of the animals. Necrosis of the gastric body and fundus mucosa were observed in all animals after 6 h and 12 h of ischaemia.

CONCLUSION:

Acute gastric ischaemia in rabbits produces haemorrhagic necrosis of the gastric fundus and body even in a short period of time. Beside this, the antropyloric region was significantly more resistant to ischaemia.


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