The octogenarian population is expanding worldwide and demand for gastrectomy due to gastric cancer in this population is expected to grow. However, the outcomes of surgery with curative intent in this age group are poorly reported and it is unclear what matters most to survival: age, clinical status, disease´s stage, or the extent of the surgery performed.
Evaluate the results of gastrectomy in octogenarians with gastric cancer and to verify the factors related to survival.
From prospective database, patients aged 80 years or older with histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma who had undergone gastrectomy with curative intent were selected. Factors related to postoperative complications and survival were studied.
Fifty-one patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. A total of 70.5% received subtotal gastrectomy and in 72.5% D1 lymphadenectomy was performed. Twenty-five (49%) had complications, in eleven major complications occurred (seven of these were clinical complications). Hospital length of stay was longer (8.5 vs. 17.8 days, p=0.002), and overall survival shorter (median of 1.4 vs. 20.5 months, p=0.009) for those with complications. D2 lymphadenectomy and the presence of postoperative complications were independent factors for worse overall survival.
Octogenarians undergoing gastrectomy with curative intent have high risk for postoperative clinical complications. D1 lymphadenectomy should be the standard of care in these patients.
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