Despite advances in therapies, the prognosis of patients with advanced gastric cancer (GC) remains poor. Several studies have demonstrated the expression of estrogen receptor alpha (ERa); however, its significance in GC remains controversial.
The present study aims to report a case series of GC with ERa-positive expression and describe their clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis.
We retrospectively evaluated patients with GC who underwent gastrectomy with curative intent between 2009 and 2019. ERa expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry through tissue microarray construction. Patients with ERa-negative gastric adenocarcinoma served as a comparison group.
During the selected period, 6 (1.8%) ERa-positive GC were identified among the 345 GC patients analyzed. All ERa-positive patients were men, aged 34-78 years, and had Lauren diffuse GC and pN+ status. Compared with ERa-negative patients, ERa-positive patients had larger tumor size (p=0.031), total gastrectomy (p=0.012), diffuse/mixed Lauren type (p=0.012), presence of perineural invasion (p=0.030), and lymph node metastasis (p=0.215). The final stage was IIA in one case, IIIA in three cases, and IIIB in two cases. Among the six ERa-positive patients, three had disease recurrence (peritoneal) and died. There was no significant difference in survival between ERa-positive and ERa-negative groups.
ERa expression is less common in GC, is associated with diffuse histology and presence of lymph node metastasis, and may be a marker related to tumor progression and worse prognosis. Also, a high rate of peritoneal recurrence was observed in ERa-positive patients.
Developed by Surya MKT