11 Jun, 2021

PRIMARY TUMOR LYMPHOVASCULAR INVASION NEGATIVELY AFFECTS SURVIVAL AFTER COLORECTAL LIVER METASTASIS RESECTION?

Renato Gomes CAMPANATI
João Bernardo SANCIO
Lucas Mauro de Andrade SUCENA
Marcelo Dias SANCHES
Vivian RESENDE
DOI: 10.1590/0102-672020210001e1578
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Background:

About 50% of the patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma will present with liver metastasis and 20% are synchronic. Liver resection is associated with improvement in survival in comparison to chemotherapy alone.

Aim:

To analyze the overall survival in patients submitted to liver resection of colorectal cancer metastasis and prognostic factors related to the primary and secondary tumors.

Methods:

A retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database regarding demographic, primary tumor and liver metastasis characteristics.

Results:

There were 84 liver resections due to colorectal cancer metastasis in the period. The 5-year disease-free and overall survivals were 27.5% and 48.8% respectively. The statistically significant factors for survival were tumor grade (p=0.050), lymphovascular invasion (p=0.021), synchronous metastasis (p=0.020), as well as number (p=0.004), bilobar distribution (p=0.019) and diameter of the liver metastasis over 50 mm (p=0.027). Remained as independent negative predictive factors: lymphovascular invasion (HR=2.7; CI 95% 1.106-6.768; p=0.029), synchronous metastasis (HR=2.8; CI 95% 1.069-7.365; p=0.036) and four or more liver metastasis (HR=1.7; CI 95% 1.046-2.967; p=0.033).

Conclusion:

The resection of liver metastasis of colorectal adenocarcinoma leads to good survival rates. Lymphovascular invasion was the single prognostic factor related to the primary tumor. Synchronous disease and four or more metastasis were the most significant factors related to the secondary tumor.


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