15 Jan, 2021

STRUCTURAL BASES OF GASTROINTESTINAL MOTILITY CHANGES IN PARKINSON’S DISEASE: STUDY IN RATS

José Cirlanio Sousa ALBUQUERQUE
Tiago Santos MENDES
Maria Girlane Sousa Albuquerque BRANDÃO
Annyta Fernandes FROTA
Thomas Dominik de Souza dos REIS
Lissiana Magna Vasconcelos AGUIAR
José Ronaldo Vasconcelos da GRAÇA
DOI: 10.1590/0102-672020200003e1548
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Background:

Gastrointestinal disorders are frequently reported in patients with Parkinson’s disease whose disorders reduce the absorption of nutrients and drugs, worsening the clinical condition of patients. However, the mechanisms involved in modifying gastrointestinal pathophysiology have not yet been fully explained.

Aim:

To evaluate its effects on gastrointestinal motility and the involvement of the vagal and splanchnic pathways.

Methods:

Male Wistar rats (250-300 g, n = 84) were used and divided into two groups. Group I (6-OHDA) received an intrastriatal injection of 6-hydroxydopamine (21 µg/animal). Group II (control) received a saline solution (NaCl, 0.9%) under the same conditions. The study of gastric emptying, intestinal transit, gastric compliance and operations (vagotomy and splanchnotomy) were performed 14 days after inducing neurodegeneration. Test meal (phenol red 5% glucose) was used to assess the rate of gastric emptying and intestinal transit.

Results:

Parkinson’s disease delayed gastric emptying and intestinal transit at all time periods studied; however, changes in gastric compliance were not observed. The delay in gastric emptying was reversed by pretreatment with vagotomy and splanchnotomy+celiac gangliectomy, thus suggesting the involvement of such pathways in the observed motor disorders.

Conclusion:

Parkinson’s disease compromises gastric emptying, as well as intestinal transit, but does not alter gastric compliance. The delay in gastric emptying was reversed by truncal vagotomy, splanchnotomy and celiac ganglionectomy, suggesting the involvement of such pathways in delaying gastric emptying.


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ABCD – BRAZILIAN ARCHIVES OF DIGESTIVE SURGERY is a periodic with a single annual volume in continuous publication, official organ of the Brazilian College of Digestive Surgery - CBCD.

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