24 Jun, 2022

THE ESOPHAGEAL, GASTRIC, AND COLORECTAL TUMORS AND THE ESOPHAGOGASTRODUODENOSCOPIES AND COLONOSCOPIES BY THE BRAZILIAN UNIFIED HEALTH SYSTEM: WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE?

Marilisa Ferruda Andreoli RISSO
Luigi Carlo da Silva COSTA
Valdir TERCIOTI JR
José Antonio Possatto FERRER
Luiz Roberto LOPES
Nelson Adami ANDREOLLO
DOI: 10.1590/0102-672020210002e1661
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ABSTRACT - BACKGROUND:

Esophagogastroduodenoscopies and colonoscopies are the main diagnostic examinations for esophageal, stomach, and colorectal tumors.

AIM:

This study aimed to evaluate the estimates of the incidence of esophageal, stomach, and colorectal cancer; population growth; and esophagogastroduodenoscopies and colonoscopies performed by the Unified Health System (SUS), from 2010 to 2018, in the five regions of the country, and to analyze the relationship between these values.

RESULTS:

The colorectal tumor had a significant elevation, while the esophageal and gastric maintained the incidences. In the five regions, there was a significant increase in the number of colonoscopies; however, this increase did not follow the increase in the population in the North and Northeast regions. There was no significant increase in the number of esophagogastroduodenoscopies in the North, Northeast, Midwest, and South regions, and in the North region there was a decrease. In the Northeast region, there was a decreasing number, and in the South and Midwest regions, the number of examinations remained stable in the period. The Southeast region recorded an increase in the number of examinations following the population growth.

CONCLUSION:

The current number of esophagogastroduodenoscopies and colonoscopies performed by the SUS did not follow the population growth, in order to attend the population and diagnose esophageal, stomach, and colorectal tumors. Therefore, the country needs to have adequate and strategic planning on how it will meet the demand for these tests and serve the population well, incorporating new technologies.


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ABCD – BRAZILIAN ARCHIVES OF DIGESTIVE SURGERY is a periodic with a single annual volume in continuous publication, official organ of the Brazilian College of Digestive Surgery - CBCD.

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