05 Jan, 2022

IMPACT OF BARIATRIC SURGERY IN ANXIETY AND ORAL CONDITION OF OBESE INDIVIDUALS: A COHORT PROSPECTIVE STUDY

Adriana Maria Fuzer Grael TINÓS
Gerson Aparecido FORATORI-JUNIOR
Wagner MARCENES
Felipe Borges CAMARGO
Francisco Carlos GROPPO
Silvia Helena de Carvalho SALES-PERES
DOI: 10.1590/0102-672020210002e1615
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Background:

Obesity and bariatric surgery may be related with mental and oral disorders.

Aim:

To evaluate the impact of bariatric surgery on anxiety, initial dental caries lesion and gingival bleeding in obese patients.

Methods:

Eighty-nine patients were divided in two groups: Control Group (CG) - obese patients and Experimental Group (EG) - patients submitted to bariatric surgery. EG was analyzed before and 12 months after bariatric surgery; for the CG, was respected an interval of 12 months between the evaluations. International Caries Detection and Assessment System, Gingival Bleeding Index and Trace-State Anxiety Inventory were used. Medical profile, anthropometrics data, sociodemographic and behavioral variables were considered.

Results:

There were no statistically significant differences between groups in evaluation times regarding to initial dental caries lesion and anxiety. However, the number of teeth with initial dental caries lesion (p=0.0033) and gingival bleeding (p<0.0001) increased significantly after bariatric surgery in EG.

Conclusion:

These results reinforce the need for multi-professional team follow-up, including dental care, for both obese and bariatric patients.


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ABCD – BRAZILIAN ARCHIVES OF DIGESTIVE SURGERY is a periodic with a single annual volume in continuous publication, official organ of the Brazilian College of Digestive Surgery - CBCD.

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