Obesity is a major health problem. One anastomosis-gastric bypass (OAGB) is a restrictive and malabsorptive weight loss surgery that carries the same characteristics of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in its status as a weight loss mechanism; but, its results remain controversial.
To describe the technique and outcomes of OAGB and its effects on weight loss and remission of comorbidities.
Retrospective review of all patients who underwent OAGB procedure from January 2017 to January 2018. Patients’ baseline characteristics were recorded. The routine in follow-up were at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months.
A total of 51 patients underwent OAGB. The mean age was 43.8±9.3 years, mean weight was 125±31 and mean BMI was 55.8±12 kg/m2. With regard to comorbidities, 64.7% had type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), 43.1% systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) and 51% dyslipidemia. The BMI decreased for 48.4±1.3 to 31±4.4 at 12 months (p=0.0001) and we obtained an average decreased of 65% excess weight loss (EWL) at 12 months of follow-up. There was improvement in the values of total cholesterol (CT) (p=0.348); triglycerides (TGC) (p=0.0001); LDL (p=0.06), HDL (p=0.029) and A1C (p=0.405). Remission of T2DM al 12 months follow-up after surgery was 57% (p=0.124), remission of SAH 37% (p=0.040) and remission of dyslipidemia of 43% (p=0.967).
OAGB is a commonly performed and safe procedure. Short term results appear promising; however, long-term follow-up is necessary to evaluate complications and possible nutritional effects.
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