Revista ABCd (São Paulo). 01 Sep, 2014

Association between human Papillomavirus and colorectal adenocarcinoma and its influence on tumor staging and degree of cell differentiation

Olavo Magalhães PICANÇO-JUNIOR
Andre Luiz Torres OLIVEIRA
Lucia Thereza Mascarenhas FREIRE
Rosangela Baia BRITO
Luisa Lina VILLA
Délcio MATOS
DOI: 10.1590/S0102-67202014000300003


Colorectal cancer is one of the most common types of neoplasia among the worldwide adult population. Among neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract, it is ranked second in relation to prevalence and mortality, but its etiology is only known in around 5% of the cases. It is believed that 15% of malignant diseases are related to viral oncogenesis.


To correlate the presence of HPV with the staging and degree of cell differentiation among patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma.


A retrospective case-control study was conducted on 144 patients divided between a test group of 79 cases of colorectal cancer and a control group to analyze 144 patients aged 25 to 85 years (mean, 57.85 years; standard deviation, 15.27 years and median, 58 years). Eighty-six patients (59.7%) were male. For both groups, tissue samples from paraffin blocks were subjected to DNA extraction followed by the polymerase chain reaction using generic and specific primers for HPV 16 and 18. Dot blot hybridization was also performed with the aim of identifying HPV DNA.


The groups were shown to be homogenous regarding sex, age and site of HPV findings in the samples analyzed. Out of the 41 patients with HPV, 36 (45.6%) were in the cases and five (7.7%) were in the control group (p<0.001). All the HPV cases observed comprised HPV 16, and HPV 18 was not shown in any of the cases studied. There were no significant differences in comparisons of sex, age and site regarding the presence of HPV in either of the groups. It was not observe any significant difference in relation to staging or degree of cell differentiation among the patients with colorectal cancer.


Human papillomavirus type 16 is present in individuals with colorectal carcinoma. However, its presence was unrelated to staging or degree of differentiation.

Papillomavirus infections; Carcinoma; Colorectal neoplasms; Neoplasm saging; Cell differentiation

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