The technique of elastic suture was described by Raskin4 in a review article on acute vascular lesions in the upper limbs after crushing arm and forearm with the development of compartment syndrome. This author used an elastic suture to approximate the edges of fasciotomy and prevent bloody retraction. Leite et al.3 added in the application of subcutaneous and superficial fascia, in order to avoid additional suffering the edge of the skin, which could worsen the condition of the wound to this technique. This modification improved the aesthetic appearance and location prevented the formation of the lateral wound scars.
The objective of this report is to present a new technique for closure of extensive surgical wounds through elastic suture, using circular elastic rubber bands.
Woman with 49 years old was admitted in Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte, Brazil, in good general condition but with a tumor in hypogastric region with dimensions of 25x15 cm in diameter and 12 cm high. The evolution of neoplasia was 10 years and had a bleeding ulcer on its top. A CT scan showed that the tumor has not plagued the muscle layer or other deep structures. Physical examination and additional imaging tests showed no signs of metastases. A biopsy of this lesion diagnosed dermatofibrosarcoma. The tumor was completely removed with wide lateral and deep margins, including muscle fascia, which was macroscopically free of disease. The remaining wound area was of 20x15 cm in diameter and 4 cm deep. The approximation of the wound edges was done by means of elastic suture. Two thin circular rubber bands - usually used to hold bundles of cash - were sterilized by autoclaving and sutured to the edges of the wound, 1 cm from the wound area. Simple 2-0 nylon was used in suturing. These tapes were zigzag positioned. This procedure was performed under local anesthesia with 1% lidocaine. After five days, the wound edges were already very close to each other and the two rubber strips failed to exert traction on them. With local anesthesia, they were replaced by a single circular rubber tape, which kept the draw for the approximation of the edges. On the 20th postoperative day, the skin closure was completed and there was no need to suture the skin. The patient was discharged on that day, with the wound closed and showing good healing aspect. She continues to be followed on an outpatient basis after over 14 months and is very pleased with the outcome of the treatment. No recurrence or metastasis sarcoma were recorded.
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