Revista ABCd (São Paulo). 01 Mar, 2013

Evolutional profile of the esophageal varices after splenectomy associated with ligation of the left gastric vein and sclerotherapy in schistosomal portal hypertension

DOI: 10.1590/S0102-67202013000100011

BACKGROUND: The schistosomiasis affects 200 million people in 70 countries worldwide. It is estimated that 10% of those infected will develop hepatosplenic status and of these, 30% will progress to portal hypertension and esophagogastric varices, whose expression is through gastrointestinal bleeding with significant mortality in the first bleeding episode. Multiple surgical techniques have been developed to prevent re-bleeding. AIM: To evaluate the evolutional profile of esophageal varices after splenectomy + ligation of the left gastric vein associated with endoscopic sclerotherapy in schistosomal portal hypertension. METHODS: Prospective and observational study including schistosomiasis patients with previous history of upper digestive hemorrhage and underwent to splenectomy + ligation of the left gastric vein and sclerotherapy. The variables were: evolutional profile of esophageal varices before and after surgery and re-bleeding rate. RESULTS: The sample included 30 patients, 15 patients for each gender. The age ranged from 19 to 74 years (median = 43 years). There was a reduction in the degree, caliber and red spots in all patients (p< 0.05). The eradication of varices with sclerotherapy was achieved in 86.7% and with surgery alone in 15.4%. The mean follow-up was 28 months, ranging from two to 76 months. Were carried from one to seven sessions of sclerotherapy and the average was three per patient to eradicate varices. Four (13.3%) did not complete the follow-up. The re-bleeding rate was 16.7%. CONCLUSION: There was a reduction of the degree, caliber and red spots of esophageal varices in all patients.

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